It changes key brain areas related to stress and reward, scientists have found.
Those who regularly give support to others may have a reduced response to stress and be more sensitive to rewards.
People in the study were asked about both whether they had:
- someone to lean on,
- and whether they looked for ways to cheer other people up.
As a lot of research has already shown, the authors write: “Both receiving and giving more support were related to lower reported negative psychosocial outcomes.” But when they scanned people’s brains, they found some unique effects of providing support to others.
For example, people who regularly gave support to others showed a reduced response in regions of the brain related to stress.Providing high levels of support to others was also linked to greater activity in parts of the brain related to rewards.This part of the brain showed greater activation when people looked at pictures of loved ones or thought about sharing their good fortune with others.
Dr Tristen Inagaki and co-authors write in the paper: “At the level of the brain, only support giving was associated with beneficial outcomes. [this may improve health by] reducing activity in stress-and threat-related regions during stressful experiences.”It seems that giving support to others may be at least as beneficial as receiving it.
The authors conclude: “These results add to an emerging literature suggesting that support giving is an overlooked contributor to how social support can benefit health.
Gaining a full understanding of how and why social ties are so important to well-being requires the consideration of both the support that is received and given.”
The study was published in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine (Inagaki et al., 2016).
Image credit: Pauline Kim Joo